In addition to NAFTA, there is the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Area (RCAF-RD), which includes the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. The United States also has free trade agreements with Australia, Bahrain, Chile, Colombia, Panama, Peru, Singapore, Israel, Jordan, Korea, Oman, and Morocco. The United States recently withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), although the agreement continues without U.S. participation. The U.S. has also been working on a European trade deal called the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), with the goal of creating a “high-quality, broad-based regional pact,” according to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. In addition, free trade has become an integral part of the financial system and the investment world. U.S. investors now have access to most foreign financial markets and a wider range of securities, currencies and other financial products.
The policy of free trade is not so popular among the masses without advertising. The main problems include unfair competition from countries where lower labour costs allow for price reductions and the loss of well-paying jobs with manufacturers abroad. The benefits of free trade were described in On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, published in 1817 by the economist David Ricardo. Unlike a customs union, the parties to a free trade agreement do not maintain common external tariffs, which means that they apply different tariffs as well as different directives towards non-members. This property creates the possibility that non-parties can make stowaway preferences under a free trade agreement by entering the market with the lowest external fares. Such a risk requires the introduction of rules to identify originating products eligible for preferences under a free trade agreement, which is not necessary when forming a customs union.  In principle, a minimum level of processing is required, leading to a “substantial transformation” of the goods for them to be considered originating. In defining which goods originate in the PTA, the preferential rules of origin distinguish between originating and non-originating products: only the former are entitled to the preferential duties set by the FREE TRADE AGREEMENT, the latter must pay the most-favoured-nation customs duties.  There are two types of trade agreements between countries: free trade and fair trade. Free trade is better known because it is the kind of trade agreement that has taken the power to create trade policy measures between countries in recent decades. Free trade and fair trade have a common basis; However, they are not the same.
Have you heard of ” Free trade is fair trade “? Well, this is a false statement, mainly because their means are different to achieve the goal, which is the common ground to promote trade between neighbors. There are five main stages of economic integration: the free trade area, the customs union, the common market, the economic union and political union. .