International Labour Organization. 2012. “High unemployment and rising inequality fuel social unrest around the world.” Retrieved November 7, 2014 (www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/comment-analysis/WCMS_179430/lang–en/index.htm). While most of us are used to thinking about slavery compared to pre-Civil War America, modern slavery goes hand in hand with global inequality. In short, slavery refers to whenever people sell, are treated as property, or are forced to work for little or no pay. Just as in America before the Civil War, these people are at the mercy of their employers. Chattel slavery, the form of slavery practiced in the Southern United States before the Civil War, is when a person owns a person other than property. Child slavery, which may include child prostitution, is a form of slavery. Servitude or guilt work includes the poor who mortgage themselves as servants in exchange for the costs of basic needs such as transportation, room, and food. In this scenario, people are paid less than for rooms and food.
When it comes to travel, people may arrive in debt for their travel expenses and not be able to work freely because their salaries do not allow them to advance one day. Wallerstein (1979) The global system approach uses an economic and political basis to understand global inequalities. Development and underdevelopment were not stages of a natural process of gradual modernization, but the product of power relations and colonialism. He conceived of the world economy as a complex historical system that supports an economic hierarchy that has put some nations in power with many resources and other nations in a state of economic subordination. Those in a state of subordination faced significant obstacles to mobilization. In their efforts to understand the unequal evolutions within and between places, geographic scientists have developed a series of works focused on the variable geographical functioning of processes that create inequalities in places that, through different systems of macroeconomic regulation, different social protection systems, different social divisions of labour (e.B.g. between paid and unpaid work) and different consumption and distribution practices (Jones and Kodras, 1990; Smith, 1990; Kodras & Jones, 1991; Perrons, 2001). Research in this direction by geographical researchers in the fields of demography, geography, economics and political science has shown that inequality results from several processes that take place simultaneously on a series of spatial scales, including unequal global distributions of production yields and work at sites along international production and consumption chains; regional trade agreements that limit national sovereignty over the protection of the environment and occupational safety; and the existence of racial and sexual discrimination in different places (Nagar et al., 2002).
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