The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to gradually reduce the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The amendment was accepted at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali on October 15, 2016. In Decision XXVIII/1, they adopted an amendment to the protocol (the Kigali amendment).  The Kigali agreement is important because it addresses the crucial issue of CFCs. CFCs are powerful greenhouse gases and, to mitigate climate change, countries must strive to reduce their production and use and phase out them. That is why the Kigali agreement is becoming more important. The main features of this agreement are briefly described below. The parties to the amendment have taken practical steps to implement it, including agreements on CFC destruction technologies and new data reporting requirements and instruments. The amendment contains provisions for capacity building in developing countries, institutional strengthening and the development of national strategies to reduce CFCs and replace them with alternatives.
The gradual wear and tear of CFCs under the Kigali amendment could also open a window to redevelop more energy-efficient refrigeration facilities, further increasing climate gains. Rapid action is essential to reduce HFC emissions. The implementation of this amendment aims to avoid warming of up to 0.5oC by the end of the century, thus contributing positively to the achievement of the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Today`s agreement concludes ten critical days in our global efforts to combat climate change. In addition to today`s amendment, last week, countries exceeded the threshold for entry into force of the Paris Agreement and reached an agreement on limiting emissions from international aviation. Together, these measures show that diplomacy is never easy, but that we can work together to leave our children a safer, more prosperous, safer and freer planet than the one that has been abandoned to us. Since its 1987 agreement, all 197 parties, including the EU and its Member States, have worked remarkably hard to implement the Montreal Protocol, so that the recovery of the ozone layer is underway and is expected to be completed by the middle of the century. The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem.